Publications

The following is a list of publications authored by current or former research faculty at Northwestern Health Sciences University. The links will take you to the abstract of the article in PubMed.

Names in BOLD indicate research faculty and staff from the Wolfe-Harris Center for Clinical Studies.


2014

Bronfort G, Hondras MA, Schulz CA, Evans RL, Long CR, Grimm R. Spinal manipulation and home exercise with advice for subacute and chronic back-related leg pain: a trial with adaptive allocation. Ann Intern Med. 2014;161:381-391. doi:10.7326/M14-0006

Leininger, BD, Evans, R, Bronfort, G. Exploring patient satisfaction: a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of spinal manipulation, home exercise, and medication for acute and subacute neck pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2014;37(8):593-601.

Evans R, Bronfort G, Maiers M, Schulz C, Hartvigsen J. "I know it's changed": a mixed-methods study of the meaning of Global Perceived Effect in chronic neck pain patients. Eur Spine J. 2014 Jan 10. [Epub ahead of print]

2013

Maiers M, Bronfort G, Evans R, Hartvigsen J, Svendsen K, Bracha Y, Schulz C, Schulz K, Grimm R. Spinal manipulative therapy and exercise for seniors with chronic neck pain. Spine J. 2013 Nov 10. pii: S1529-9430(13)01630-6.

Mieritz RM, Bronfort G, Jakobsen MD, Aagaard P, Hartvigsen J. Reliability and measurement error of sagittal spinal motion parameters in 220 chronic low back pain patients using a 3D measurement device. Spine J. 2013 Nov 8. S1529-9430(13)01625-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Pincus T, Kent P, Bronfort G, Loisel P, Pransky G, Hartvigsen J. Twenty-five years with the biopsychosocial model of low back pain - is it time to celebrate? A report from the Twelfth International Forum for Primary Care Research on Low Back Pain. Spine (Philadelphia, PA 1976). 2013 Aug 21. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23970112

Wegner I, Widyahening IS, van Tulder MW, Blomberg SE, de Vet HC, Brønfort G, Bouter LM, van der Heijden GJ. Traction for low-back pain with or without sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Aug 19;8:CD003010. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23959683

Tapper J, Severson, RJ,  Stello, N, Shupe, D. Collaboration in white spaces: Librarians as leaders in evidence-based practice at CAM institutions. Library Leadership & Management. 2013;27(4):1-13.

Ellingson AM, Yelisetti V, Schulz CA, Bronfort G, Downing J, Keefe DF, Nuckley DJ. Instantaneous helical axis methodology to identify aberrant neck motion. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2013 Aug 1. pii: S0268-0033(13)00162-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2013.07.006. [Epub ahead of print]

Leininger BD, Kamper SJ. No strong evidence that the addition of joint mobilisation to an exercise programme improves outcomes for shoulder dysfunction. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013. [Epub ahead of print].

Haanstra TM, Hanson L, Evans R, van Nes FA, de Vet HC, Cuijpers P, Ostelo RW. How do low back pain patients conceptualize their expectations regarding treatment? Content analysis of interviews. Eur Spine J. 2013 May 10. [Epub ahead of print]

2012

Bronfort G, Evans R, Anderson AV, Svendsen KH, Bracha Y, Grimm RH. Spinal manipulation, medication, or home exercise with advice for acute and subacute neck pain: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2012;156(1 Pt 1):1-10.

Bronfort G, Haas M, Evans R, Kawchuk G, Dagenais S. Spinal Manipulation and Mobilization. In Duncan, L, White, K, Watrous, J. Evidence-Based Management of Low Back Pain. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby; 2012;17:229-247.

Bronfort G. High-quality evidence that spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low back pain has a small, short-term greater effect on pain and functional status compared with other interventions. Evid Based Med. 2012;17(3):81-82.

Cassidy JD, Bronfort G, Hartvigsen J. Should we abandon cervical spine manipulation for mechanical neck pain? No. BMJ. 2012;344:e3680.

Evans R, Maiers M, Delagran L, Kreitzer MJ, Sierpina V. Evidence informed practice as the catalyst for culture change in CAM. Explore (NY). 2012;8:68-72.

Evans R, Bronfort G, Schulz C, Maiers M, Bracha Y, Svendsen K, Grimm R, Jr., Garvey T, Transfeldt E. Supervised Exercise with and Without Spinal Manipulation Perform Similarly and Better Than Home Exercise for Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 15;37(11):903-914.

Kay TM, Gross A, Goldsmith CH, Rutherford S, Voth S, Hoving JL, Bronfort G, Santaguida PL. Exercises for mechanical neck disorders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;8:CD004250.

Mieritz RM, Bronfort G, Kawchuk G, Breen A, Hartvigsen J. Reliability and measurement error of 3-dimensional regional lumbar motion measures: a systematic review. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2012;35(8):645-656.

2011

Bronfort G, Maiers MJ, Evans RL, Schulz CA, Bracha Y, Svendsen KH, Grimm RH, Jr., Owens EF, Jr., Garvey TA, Transfeldt EE. Supervised exercise, spinal manipulation, and home exercise for chronic low back pain: a randomized clinical trial. Spine J. 2011;11(7):585-598.

Evans R, Delagran L, Maiers M, Kreitzer MJ, Sierpina V. Advancing evidence informed practice through faculty development: the Northwestern Health Sciences University model. Explore (NY). 2011;7(4):265-268.

Leininger B, Bronfort G, Evans R, Reiter T. Spinal manipulation or mobilization for radiculopathy: a systematic review. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2011;22(1):105-125.

Schulz CA, Hondras MA, Evans RL, Gudavalli MR, Long CR, Owens EF, Wilder DG, Bronfort G. Chiropractic and self-care for back-related leg pain: design of a randomized clinical trial. Chiropr Man Therap. 2011;19:8.

Sorensen LP, Krog BR, Kongsted A, Bronfort G, Hartvigsen J. Development of disease-specific quality indicators for Danish chiropractic patients with low back pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2011;34(4):204-210.

Taylor B, Delagran L, Baldwin L, Hanson L, Leininger B, Vihstadt C, Evans R, Kreitzer MJ, Sierpina V. Advancing integration through evidence informed practice: Northwestern Health Sciences University's integrated educational model. Explore (NY). 2011;7(6):396-400.

2010

Maiers MM, Westrom KK, Legendre CG, Bronfort G. Integrative care for the management of low back pain: use of a clinical care pathway. BMC Health Serv Res. 2010 Oct 29; 10(1):298.

D’Sylva J, Miller J, Gross A, Burnie SJ, Goldsmith CH, Graham N, Haines T, Bronfort G, Hoving JL; Cervical Overview Group. Manual therapy with or without physical medicine modalities for neck pain: a systematic review. Man Ther. 2010 Oct;15(5):415-33.

Miller J, Gross A, D’Sylva J, Burnie SJ, Goldsmith CH, Graham N, Haines T, Bronfort G, Hoving JL. Manual therapy and exercise for neck pain: A systematic review. Man Ther. 2010 Aug; 15(4):334-54.

Gross A, Miller J, D’Sylva J, Burnie SJ, Goldsmith CH, Graham N, Haines T, Bronfort G, Hoving JL; COG. Manipulation or mobilization for neck pain: A Cochrane Review. Man Ther. 2010 May 24.

Westrom K, Maiers M, Evans R, Bronfort G. Individualized chiropractic and integrative care for low back pain: the design of a randomized clinical trial using a mixed-methods approach. Trials. 2010 Mar 8;11(1):24.

Bronfort G, Haas M, Evans R, Leiniger B, Triano J. Effectiveness of manual therapies: the UK evidence report. Chiropr Osteopat. Feb 2010;18(3).

Gross A, Miller J, D'Sylva J, Burnie S.J, Goldsmith C.H, Graham N, Haines T, Bronfort G, Hoving JL. Manipulation or mobilisation for neck pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Jan 20;(1):CD004249.

2009

Furlan AD, Pennick V, Bombardier C, van Tulder M; Editorial Review Board, Cochrane Back Review Group. 2009 updated method guidelines for systematic reviews in the Cochrane Back Review Group. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 15;34(18):1929-41.

Maiers M, McKenzie E, Evans R, McKenzie M. The development of a prospective data collection process in a traditional Chinese medicine teaching clinic. J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15(3):305-320J.

2008

Lawrence D, Meeker W, Branson R, Bronfort G, Cates J, Haas M, Haneline M, Micozzi M, Updyke W, Mootz R, Triano J, Hawk C. Chiropractic Management of Low Back Pain and Low Back-Related Leg Complaints: A Literature Synthesis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2008 Nov-Dec;31(9):659-674.

Gay R, Ilharreborde B, Zhao K, Berglund L, Bronfort G, An K-N. Stress in lumbar intervertebral discs during distraction: a cadaveric study. Spine J. 2008 Nov-Dec; 8 (6):982-990.

Kreitzer MJ, Sierpina V, Maiers M, Delagran L, Baldwin L, Evans R, Chase M. Ways of knowing: integrating research into CAM education and holism into conventional health professional education. Explore.2008 July/Aug;4(4):278-281.

Maiers M, McKenzie E, Evans R, McKenzie M. Patient outcomes at a TCM teaching clinic: a prospective data collection project. J Altern Complement Med. 2008;14(9):1083-1088.

Bronfort G, Haas M, Evans R, Kawchuk G, Dagenais S. Evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with spinal manipulation and mobilization. Spine J. 2008 Jan-Feb;8(1):213-25.

2007

Gay RE, Bronfort G, Berglund LJ, Zhao K, Zhao, C, An K-N, Poland, GA. Stress in Lumbar Intervertebral discs during Distraction: A Cadaveric Study. Spine J. 2007 Nov. [Epub ahead of print]

Clarke J, van Tulder M, Blomberg S, de Vet H, van der Heijden G, Bronfort G, Bouter L. Traction for low-back pain with or without sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 April 18;2:CD003010.

Ezzo J, Haraldsson B, Gross A, Myers C, Morien A, Goldsmith C, Bronfort G, Peloso P, Cervical overview group. Massage for mechanical neck disorders. A systematic review. Spine. 2007 February;32(3):353-362.

Maiers M, Hartvigsen J, Schulz C, Schulz K, Evans R, Bronfort G. Chiropractic and exercise for seniors with low back pain or neck pain: the design of two randomized clinical trials. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2007;8(1):94.

2006

Haas M, Bronfort G, Evans R. Chiropractic clinical research: progress and recommendations. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 Nov-Dec;29(9):695-706.

Stochkendahl MJ, Christensen HW, Hartvigsen J, Vach W, Haas M, Hestbaek L, Adams A, Bronfort G. Related Articles, Books, Manual examination of the spine: a systematic critical literature review of reproducibility. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 Jul-Aug;29(6):475-85, 485.e1-10.

Heraldsson BG, Gross AR, Myers CD, Ezzo JM, Morien A, Goldsmith C, Peloso PM, Bronfort G, Cervical Overview Group. Related Articles, Books, Massage for mechanical neck disorders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jul 19;3:CD004871

Clarke J, van TulderM, Blomberg S, de Vet H, van der Heijden G, Bronfort G. Related Articles, Books, Traction for low back Pain with or without sciatica: an updated systematic review within the framework of the Cochrane Collaboration, Spine. 2006 Jun 15;31(14):1591-9.

Bronfort G, Haas M, Moher D, Bouter LM, van Tulder MW, Triano J, Assendelft WJ, Evans RL, Dagenais S, Rosner A. Review conclusions by Ernst and Canter regarding spinal manipulation refuted. Chiropr Osteopat. 2006;14(1):14.

2005

Clarke J, van Tulder M, Blomberg S, de Vet H, van der Heijden G, Bronfort G. Traction for low-back pain with or without sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;4:CD003010.

Kay T, Gross A, Goldsmith C, Santaguida P, Hoving J, Bronfort, G, Cervical Overview Group. Exercises for mechanical neck disorders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;3:CD004250.

Breen, AC, vanTulder MW, Koes BW, Jensen I, Reardon R, Bronfort G . Mono-disciplinary or multidisciplinary back pain guidelines? How can we achieve a common message in primary care? European Spine Journal. 2005; June 2: (E-pub - 10.1007/s00586-005-0883-9).

Nelson CF, Lawrence D, Triano JJ, Bronfort G , Perle SM, Metz D, Hegetschweiler K, LaBrot T. Chiropractic as spine care: A model for the professionChiropr Osteopat. 2005;13:9.

Gay RE, Bronfort G, Evans RL. Distraction manipulation of the lumbar spine: a review of the literature. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005;28:266-73.

Bronfort G, Haas M, Evans R. The Clinical Effectiveness of Spinal Manipulation for Musculoskeletal Conditions. In: Haldeman S (ed). Principles and Practice of Chiropractic. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005:147-166.

2004

Bronfort G, Evans RL, Maiers M, Anderson, AF. Spinal manipulation, epidural injections and self-care for sciatica: A pilot study for a randomized clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2004;27:503-508.

Bronfort G, Nilsson N, Haas M, Evans R, Goldsmith C, Assendelft W, Bouter L. Non-invasive physical treatments for chronic/recurrent headache. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;3:CD001878.

Gross AR, Hoving JL, Haines TA, Goldsmith CH, Kay T, Aker P, Bronfort G. Manipulation and mobilisation for mechanical neck disorders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;CD004249.

Gross AR, Hoving JL, Haines TA, Goldsmith, CH, Kay T, Aker P, Bronfort G. A Cochrane review of manipulation and mobilization for mechanical neck disorders. Spine. 2004;29(14):1541-1548.

Bronfort G, Haas M, Evans RL, Bouter LM. Efficacy of spinal manipulation and mobilization for low back pain and neck pain: a systematic review and best evidence synthesis. Spine J. 2004 May/June;4(3):335-356.

Cambron JA, Hawk C, Evans R, Long CR. Recruitment and accrual of women in a placebo-controlled clinical pilot study on manual therapy. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2004;27:299-305.

2003

Evans RL, Maiers MJ, Bronfort G. What do patients think? Results of a mixed methods pilot study assessing sciatica patients' interpretations of satisfaction and improvement. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Oct;26(8):502-509.

Evans R, Bronfort G, Bittell S, Anderson AV. A pilot study for a randomized clinical trial assessing chiropractic care, medical care, and self-care education for acute and subacute neck pain patients. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Sep;26(7):403-411.

2002

Evans R, Bronfort G, Nelson B, Goldsmith C. Two-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of spinal manipulation and two types of exercise for patients with chronic neck pain. Spine. 2002;27(21):2383-2389.

Hawk C, Long CR, Reiter R, Davis CS, Cambron JA, Evans R. Issues in planning a placebo-controlled trial of manual methods: results of a pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2002;8(1):21-32.

2001

Bronfort G, Evans R, Kubic P, Filkins P. Chronic pediatric asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a prospective clinical series and randomized clinical pilot study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001 Jul-Aug;24(6):369-77.

Bronfort G, Assendelft WJJ, Evans R, Haas M, Bouter LM. Efficacy of spinal manipulation for chronic headache: a systematic review. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001 Sep;24(7):457-66.

Bronfort G, Evans R, Nelson B, Aker P, Goldsmith C, Vernon H. A randomized clinical trial of exercise and spinal manipulation for patients with chronic neck pain. Spine. 2001 Apr;26(7):778-97.

2000

Bronfort G, Evans RL, Anderson AV, Schellhas KP, Garvey TA, Marks RA, Bittell S. Nonoperative treatments for sciatica: A pilot study for a randomized clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2000 Oct;23(8):536-44.

1999

Bronfort G. Spinal manipulation: current state of research and its indications. Neurol Clin. 1999 Feb;17(1):91-111.

Bronfort G, Bouter LM. Responsiveness of general health status in chronic low back pain: a comparison of the COOP charts and the SF-36. Pain. 1999 Nov;83(2):201-9.

Bronfort G, Haldeman S. Spinal manipulation in patients with lumbar disc disease. Seminars in Spine Surgery. 1999 11(2):97-103.

Sawyer CE, Evans RL, Boline PD, Branson R, Spicer A. A feasibility study of chiropractic spinal manipulation versus sham spinal manipulation for chronic otitis media with effusion in children. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999;22:292-298.

1998

Davis PT, Hulbert JR, Kassak KM, Meyer JJ. Comparative efficacy of conservative medical and chiropractic treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized clincal trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998;21:317-326.

Nelson CF, Bronfort G, Evans R, Boline P, Goldsmith C, Anderson AV. The efficacy of spinal manipulation, amitriptyline and the combination of both therapies for the prophylaxis of migraine headaches. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998;21:511-519.

1997

Barnett K, McLachlan C, Hulbert J, Kassak K. Working together in rural South Dakota: integrating medical and chiropractic primary care. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1997 Nov-Dec;20(9):577-82.

Sawyer C, Haas M, Nelson C, Elkington W. Clinical research within the chiropractic profession: status, needs and recommendations. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1997;20(3):169-78.

1996

Bronfort G, Goldsmith CH, Nelson CF, Boline PD, Anderson AV. Trunk exercise combined with spinal manipulative or NSAID therapy for chronic low back pain: a randomized, observer-blinded clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1996;19(9):570-82.

Bronfort G. Asthma and Chiropractic. European J Chiro. 1996; 44(1) 1-7.

1995

Boline PD, Kassak K, Bronfort G, Nelson C, Anderson A. Spinal manipulation vs amitriptyline for the treatment of chronic tension-type headaches: a randomized clinical trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1995;18(3):148-54.

Nielsen NH, Bronfort G, Bendix T, Madsen F, Weeke B. Chronic asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a randomized clinical trial. Clinical Experimental Allergy. 1995;25(1):80-8.

Meyer JJ. The validity of thoracolumbar paraspinal scanning EMG as a diagnostic test: an examination of the current literature. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994;17(8):539-51.

1994

Meyer JJ. Clinical electromyographic and related neurophysiological responses. In: Lawrence D, ed. Advances in Chiropractic. Vol 1. Chicago: Mosby, Inc., Fall 1994:29-75.

Nelson CF. The tension headache, migraine headache continuum: a hypothesis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994; 17(3):156-67.

Nelson CF. Headache diagnosis. In: Lawrence D, ed. Advances in Chiropractic. Vol 1. Chicago: Mosby, Inc. Fall 1994:77-99.

Nelson CF. Chiropractic and wellness care. Chiro Humanities. 1994:3-19.

1993

Meyer JJ, Berk RJ, Anderson AV. Recruitment patterns in the cervical paraspinal muscles during cervical forward flexion: evidence of cervical flexion-relaxation. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1993;33(304):217-23.

Boline PD, Haas M, Meyer JJ, Kassak K, Nelson C, Keating JC. Interexaminer reliability of eight evaluative dimensions of lumbar segmental abnormalities. Part II. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1993;16(6):363-74.

Nelson CF. Why chiropractors should embrace immunization. Chiro Tech. 1993;5(2):68-74.

Nelson CF. The Cognitive roots of chiropractic theories and techniques. Chiro Humanities. 1993; 42-55.

Sawyer CE, Kassak KM. Patient satisfaction with chiropractic care. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1993;16(1):25-32.

1992

Boline PD, Keating JC, Haas M, Anderson AV. Interexaminer reliability and discriminant validity of inclinometric measurement of lumbar rotation in chronic low-back pain patients and subjects without low-back pain. Spine. 1992;17(3):335-8.

Boline PD, Nelson CF. A practical guide for the conservative management of headaches. Chap 8-1:1. In: Joe Sweere, DC, ed. Chiropractic Family Practice: A clinical manual. Aspen Publications, May, 1992.

Bronfort G. Effectiveness of spinal manipulation and adjustments, Chap 24, Sec IV Chiropractic Care. In: Scott Halderman ed. Principles and Practice of Chiropractic. 2nd ed. Appleton & Lange, 1992.

1990

Boline PD, Sawyer CE. Health promotion attitudes of chiropractic physicians. Am J Chiro. 1990; 3(2):71-6.

Boline PD, Meyer JJ. Chiropractic management of mechanical cervical spine syndrome and concomitant myofascial pain syndrome: a case study using time series descriptive design. Chiro Tech. 1990;2(4):176-81.

Gerow G, Callton M, Meyer JJ, Demchak JJ, Christiansen J. Thermographic evaluation of rats with complete sciatic nerve transection. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1990;13(5):257-61.

Meyer JJ, Zachman ZJ, Keating JC, Traina AD. Effectiveness of chiropractic management for patellofemoral pain syndrome's symptomatic control phase: a single subject experiment. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1990;13(9):539-49.

Sawyer C, Boline PD. Chiropractic attitudes about exercise and other health behaviors. Chiro Sports Medicine. 1990;4(1):9-12.

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